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Page history last edited by Barb Thorson 11 years, 5 months ago

Cues, Questions, and Advance Organizers


Notes from "Putting the Pieces Together Website."

Questions, Cues, and Advance Organizers help students retrieve what they already know about a topic. Using questions that elicit inferences, cues, or hints about what is to come, enhances their learning about new content. Research shows that cues and questions should focus on what is important and should focus on higher-level questions.  Marzano states, "Advance organizers are organizational frameworks teachers present to students prior to teaching new content to prepare them for what they are about to learn. Advance organizers take the surprise out of what is to come, help students retrieve what they already know about a topic, and focus them on the new information."


Marzano's recommendations for classroom practice include:

  • focusing on important information
  • using explicit cues
  • asking inferential and analytic questions
  • using expository and narrative advance organizers
  • teaching students how to use graphic advance organizers


Bloom's Digital Taxonomy


Bloom's Digital Taxonomy Quick Sheets


"What Works in Classroom Instruction" - PDF article from McREL  Chapter 10 - pages 123 - 133

Activating Prior Knowledge

  • Cues and Questions - pg 124 - 127
  • Advance Organizers - pg 127 - 131
  • Theory and Research in Brief - pg 132 - 133


Cues - explicit reminders or hints about what students are about to experience.


Questions - trigger students' memories and help them access prior knowledge.


 Advance Organizers: can be used alone or combined

  • Expository - include brochures, definitions, rubrics, and programs
  • Narrative - usually stories, articles, or artistic works
  • Graphic - usually tables, charts, or artistic works
  • Skimming - provides opportunity to preview the important information - focusing on and noting what stands out in headings, subheadings, and highlighted information


Technology Genres for Cues, Questions, and Advance Organizers


1.  Word Processing Applications


2.  Spreadsheet Applications


3.  Web Resources


 4.  Organizing and Brainstorming Software - may be used digitally with students or printed for them to complete by hand.


5.  Multimedia - an extension of expository, narrative, and graphic advance organizers - helps activate prior knowledge and develop a mental model to promote an understanding of new information.




Comments (6)

Barb Thorson said

at 10:17 am on Jan 14, 2010

This wiki is awesome!

Sally Eller said

at 2:16 pm on Jan 14, 2010

Please report blocked sites to us.

Barbara Jean Crouch said

at 2:37 pm on Jan 17, 2010

Thanks, Sally! Everything looks great!

Carol C. Hinson said

at 10:42 pm on Feb 7, 2010

Every visit to this site is better than the last! Such great resources...to quote Kim R.: "Loving the wiki!"

Andy Mehall said

at 8:50 am on Feb 8, 2010

It is great having all of these sites on one page

kmitchell@... said

at 10:16 am on Feb 8, 2010

Tech department rocks!!! Thanks for all the additional resources!!

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